Hypothyroidism and enlargement of the thyroid gland is called?

  1. Cretinism
  2. Diabetes Mellitus
  3. Goitre
  4. Gigantism

Answer

3. Goitre

The deficiency of iodine in our diet results in hypothyroidism and enlargement of the thyroid gland commonly called goitre. Due to cancer of the thyroid glands or due to the development of nodules in the thyroid glands, the synthesis and secretion of thyroid hormones is increased to abnormally high levels leading to hyperthyroidism which adversely affects the body physiology.

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